This was a big leap in American button manufacturing compared to the colonial cast mold buttons. The simple crude style number or letters which were used by the Continental Army or state militia were now replaced with more artistic foliated letters, star patterns, and a variety of federal eagle types. The age of simple pewter molds were no longer used after Waynes Legion or early Federal Army of Starting with the War of more stylish buttons were used by American officers. Given a wide latitude within regulation they would be able to introduce all types Federal style eagles with accompanying regimental numbers or floral designs. Afterward Army regulation would appropriate money for soldiers with approved regulation styles. This was a catalyst of sorts which allowed artisan engravers to freelance designs for different manufacturers which kept within military regulation guidelines.
We acquired bags of old brass military buttons when we opened our shop. I bet they are worth something. So, I recently started a little research. Each button contains its own story of where it was made and how it was used. Soon, I discovered lists of dates of back-marks, information on when some short-lived button and clothing makers were in business, and started recognizing patterns in the myriad of variations of buttons with eagles on them.
We are not tailors or military outfitters. The uniform buttons that we sell are mainly.
The uniforms of the United States Army distinguish soldiers from other service members. Army uniform designs have historically been influenced by British and French military traditions, as well as contemporary U. The two primary uniforms of the modern U. Army are the Army Combat Uniform , used in operational environments, and the Army Green Service Uniform worn during everyday professional wear and during formal and ceremonial occasions that do not warrant the wear of the more formal blue service uniform.
The design of early army uniforms was influenced by both British and French traditions. One of the first Army-wide regulations, adopted in , prescribed blue coats with colored facings to identify a unit’s region of origin: New England units wore white facings, southern units wore blue facings, and units from Mid-Atlantic states wore red facings. Pantaloons were originally white, following British uniforms, but were changed to gray in and sky blue in Infantry wore tricorne hats, with different cover prescribed for cavalry and specialist troops depending on function.
The original Revolutionary War enlisted uniform jacket was dark blue with state-specific facing colors.
The U. Many tiny details on our uniforms date back centuries. The different colors in the Army’s dress blues are a call back to the days when soldiers on horseback would take off their jacket to ride, causing their pants to wear out at a different pace. The stars on the patch of the U. It took me six and a half years in the Army to learn that this symbol is supposedly an “A.
DAACS Cataloging Manual: Buttons U.S. Army General Staff button Date. Range. References. Button Type and. Descriptions. Image. Alpha.
Light Infantry Button. A light infantry button that measures 1. A plain button, believed to be from the era, that has Royal Regiment of Artillery Buttons. Buttons have three raised cannon balls in a horizontal row across the top and three raised cannons in a vertical row that are set in a shield. It is believed that this button is from the War of There were four companies of the Royal Artillery in Canada during Buttons have three raised cannon balls in a horizontal row across the A British infantry regiment that was raised in and amalgamated with the 52nd Oxfordshire Regiment of Foot, to form the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry in It is believed that this regiment participated in the Battle of New Orleans December January during the War of A British infantry regiment that was raised in and amalgamated with Officer’s Buttons.
These items can be found at the Battlefield Hotel Museum.
Type I represents the 1-piece flat buttons made by either 1 casting metal lead, pewter, or brass in a mold which also provided an integral eyelet; in some buttons the hole in the shank was drilled, or 2 striking the device on a brass disk; a wire eyelet or loop shank was fastened by brazing. Type II represents the 2-piece convex buttons. This type was invented by Benjamin Sanders of Birmingham, England in The button was made of two pieces, a front shell upon which the device was struck, and a back plate to which a wire eyelet or loop shank was fastened by brazing.
Recently I came across a news item where the United States Navy once again redesigned its working uniform. Over the past decade, sailors complained they did not like the blue and purple or kelp green digital camouflage uniforms issued them by the fleet, nor did they appreciate having to change uniforms to and from work — Navy regulations forbade work uniforms being seen off-base although this directive has since loosened.
The new uniform is fire retardant and has the innovation that instead of buttons, it uses only velcro and zippers. The selling point of the latter is it is perfect for the flight deck since the uniform would not be a vector for the introduction of debris into aircraft engines. Buttons no more? The button is such a commonplace item that it is taken for granted and paid not much attention.
A button on a coat, shirt, or trousers is an ever-present — simple molded affair or complex construction. And yet despite being so small, the uniform button is often laden with symbolism endemic to the organization that wears it. In the American maritime profession, British traditions hold sway and along with them British forms and configuration of a uniform with the placement and design of buttons.
Below, please find my reference collection, as well as an interesting button collection at the American Merchant Marine Museum — the Dollar Lines button, is amazing. I have another page devoted to the buttons of United States Lines, here.
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Here’s a button. The Early British Military Button Project aims to record new finds and provide the most definitive resource of these artefacts and covers the militias, volunteers and yeomanry units. Many of these units we know little about and often the only surviving artefacts we know of, to even physically show they ever existed, are their uniform buttons. Recording find spots of unusual or unknown types can help allocate identities to previously non-confirmed issues and can often be the crucial final piece of evidence needed.
Tips to identify the types and age of US military uniform buttons including backmarks, device, and construction. These generally date to the s to s.
The small buttons are unmarked. Two have damage: the one on the left is bent and the one in the center has the loop missing. Click to enlarge. Vegetable ivory overcoat button. Lined field. Cut out on lined field type. Click images to enlarge. No maker mark. Loop slightly bent. Unusual maker mark. London maker. Early maker mark. Loop is bent. Click image to enlarge.
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See more ideas about Buttons, British army, Military. A two-piece tunic button (tin or silver front) of the ROYAL TYRONE MILITIA, dating from
Livery Buttons Identified. Search this site. Acknowledgements and Bibliography. Animal Paws. Bee and Beehive. Bird – Raven or Rook. Birds – Birds of Prey. Birds – Cockerel.
Each service had army distinctive buttons. The United States Army has worn a military bearing an eagle in some form continuously since about. The modern style button featuring the Arms of the United Uniform was and in. Dating earliest Navy button having uniform an eagle and foul anchor dates from. In regulations stated that the anchor should be nearly horizontal.
“Before this date soldiers wore plain pewter buttons, and the officers wore rather grand gold, silver, copper gilt or embroidered buttons, based.
Uniform buttons served two roles, functional and decorative. They can be found on the sides of service caps, on coats and overcoats, on cuffs, on pocket flaps, on shoulder loops often called epaulettes , and on Navy shoulder marks. Each service had its distinctive buttons. The United States Army has worn a button bearing an eagle in some form continuously since about The modern style button featuring the Arms of the United States was introduced in The earliest Navy button having both an eagle and foul anchor dates from In regulations stated that the anchor should be nearly horizontal.
On May 14, the Navy ordered that the head of the eagle face its right side. Buttons made prior to that date generally face left. This was done so that the button would be in accordance with the rules of heraldry, right being the side of honor.